Geoff Kelly Wine Reviews
Independent reviews of some local and imported wines available in New Zealand, including earlier vintages.

The Invitation:
Five years have passed since Wellington wine-man of note Ken Kirkpatrick died.  Ken was a highly accomplished and highly qualified PhD-level individual.  He was the kind of man who gave you his full attention,  and if you made a mistake,  not only did he notice,  but almost invariably he quickly made constructive suggestions about remedy.  In his career he made great innovations in the researching and marketing of New Zealand dairy products,  for the New Zealand Dairy Board.  He went on to a Professorship in this area at Massey University,  followed by time with The Foundation for Research,  Science and Technology.  His penetrating approach to issues then led to appointment as a policy advisor in the Prime Minister's Department.    

At his funeral,  a colleague described how working with Ken often produced:  "the slightly disconcerting sense that somehow Ken's enormously talented brain is taking your conversation somewhere unexpected.  I remember many a meeting briefly flummoxed by a lateral Ken connection – inevitably a relevant one,  even if the rest of us didn't always appreciate that straight away.".                                        

On the wine front the great thing about Ken Kirkpatrick was that he was totally devoid of the snobbery and pretension that characterises so much wine talk,  and so many wine people.  He was a keen wine options player,  for example,  an approach which focusses on the wine rather than the label,  and is thus anathema to the snobbish.  His interest in wine was completely catholic,  and the assessing of quality of achievement his primary concern.  His cellar therefore ranged widely,  from benchmark wines from the old European classics to many wines from emerging producers in the new world.  The goal of this tasting is to offer a sampling of that approach,  from wines he entrusted to me.  

The wines are (bar one) all from the 1990 vintage,  one variously considered good to great round the world.  It was a time when the old world had still not quite woken up to the new technological understanding about wine in the new world,  and at the same time the new had not yet clearly achieved understanding of wine style and a sense of place,  though California was rapidly closing in on that approach.  

The lead-wine of the tasting is 1990 Ch Petrus.  It seems safe to say this wine has never before been offered in a 'public' tasting in New Zealand.  It is one of those wines now featuring on the lists of a certain class of journalist,  under titles along the lines:  100 wines to try before you die.  Current wine-searcher valuation is over $6,000 per bottle,  so after a glance at the other labels,  you will quickly see this tasting is a gift [ it was offered at $NZ110 ].  It is only fair to note that the 1990 vintage coincides more-or-less with the consolidation on the world wine-scene of American Robert Parker as a key influencer.  This is a Parker 100-point wine,  which  immediately doubles its wine-searcher value.  By the same token,  it may be a bigger and bolder wine than European palates prefer.  This is your opportunity to find out.  And relative to the tasting fee:  there IS a second bottle of the Ch Petrus,  so you are pretty-well assured of a good sample.

Alcohol:  Note the alcohol values given,  to the extent one can rely on labels,  reflect an era before the world-wide Americanisation (that is,  over-ripening) of red wines.

The 1990 Vintage:
In summary,  the growing seasons for all our districts are rated good or better.  
For Bordeaux Wine Spectator rates 1990 well,  describing the wines as:  Opulent, well-structured and harmonious, 97.  Broadbent comments:  This was an abundant, exciting vintage, particularly for the Merlots which have enormous amounts of tannin, *****.  
For the Northern Rhone Valley,  Wine Spectator comments are:  massive and rich, with loads of tannin and fruit, 97.  And Broadbent  agrees:  Despite drought the wines were, like  those of the previous year, powerful and promising, if a little less aromatic, *****.  
For the Napa Valley,  Wine Spectator says:  A small crop but many deeply concentrated wines that have aged well, 89.  Again Broadbent agrees:  ... high quality, intense, deep-coloured wines, ****.  
Wine Spectator does not know about Australia in those times,  but Broadbent notes:  ... a coolish dry summer,  South Australia ****.  Halliday's marvellously detailed Vintage Chart for 1990 rates the Adelaide Hills 9,  Barossa Valley 9,  Clare Valley 10,  Coonawarra 10,  and McLaren Vale 10.  The Henschke is Adelaide Hills,  and the rest should cover Penfolds' multi-regional blends.  
Our wine from South Africa is 1991,  for which Broadbent notes:  High quality reds, particularly Cabernets, deep-coloured, concentrated and long-living, ****.  
For New Zealand Cooper rates the Auckland district 5/7,  and Hawkes Bay 6/7.  The Meteorological Service records that Auckland had an unusually dry February,  and an 'average' autumn for March and April,  not becoming unduly rainy till May.  In contrast they note the East Coast as being unusually dry in autumn, and Te Mata confirm that in the vintage notes on their website,  with 30mm of rain recorded in April.    

Conclusions about the Tasting:
This special tasting turned out to be the most exciting I have been to in a long time.  Firstly,  there is the enormous thrill when you are opening wines valued at thousands of dollars,  to find none showing TCA / cork taint,  either on opening,  or as is so often the case,  becoming apparent a few hours later,  at the tasting.  Secondly,  that 22 of Wellington's keenest wine people assembled to share in these 25-year-old bottles.  Being a great vintage,  nearly all the wines can fairly be considered at their peak.  Thirdly,  being a totally blind  tasting,  with a seven-point ranking questionnaire conducted before the wines are discussed and revealed,  the simple fact that the 1990  Ch Petrus,  valued by wine-searcher at $NZ6000-plus,  and rated a 100-point-wine by Robert Parker,  was not the top wine of the tasting,  or even the second,  has to be of interest.  So there is a tentative moral there:  once you have acquired the wine understanding to reconcile winewriters' often contrasting advice,  be guided by the authorities,  who taste so much more wine than any of us can,  but in the end,  buy wines / stock your cellar on your own palate analysis,  namely wines that give you the most pleasure.

Broadbent,  Michael,  2003:   Michael Broadbent's Wine Vintages.  Mitchell Beazley,  London,  223 p.
Cooper,  Michael,  1993:   Buyer's Guide to New Zealand Wines.  Hodder & Stoughton, Auckland,  274 p.
Halliday,  James,  2002:   Classic Wines of Australia and New Zealand.  Harper Collins,  Sydney,  386 p.
Halliday,  James,  wine reviews,  ongoing by subscription:  www.winecompanion.com.au = James Halliday and Ben Edwards
Halliday,  James:  Vintage Charts:   www.winecompanion.com.au/wine-essentials/vintage-chart
Parker,  Robert M.,  2003:   Bordeaux,  Fourth Edition.  Simon & Schuster,  New York,  1244 p.
Parker,  Robert M.,  1997:   Wines of the Rhone Valley.  Simon & Schuster,  New York,  685 p.
Parker,  Robert M.,  wine reviews,  ongoing by subscription:  www.erobertparker.com  Robert Parker alone for this tasting ...
Platter,  John & Associates,  1996:  South African Wines.  Mitchell Beazley,  London,  315 p.
Read,  Adrian, &  Andrew Caillard,  2000:  The Rewards of Patience.  Penfolds Wines,  144p.
Robinson,  Jancis,  wine reviews,  ongoing by subscription:  www.jancisrobinson.com  =  Jancis Robinson MW and Julia Harding MW
Multiple authors,  wine reviews,  ongoing by subscription:  www.winespectator.com = too many authors to list,  but strong on Bordeaux and the Rhone Valley.
Wine Spectator:  Vintage Charts:  www.winespectator.com/vintagecharts/search

This tasting was held in the Tasting Room of Regional Wines & Spirits,  Wellington,  a venue much frequented by Ken.  The Wine Options photo (below the reviews) was taken by Sue Courtney,  author of the website www.wineoftheweek.com,  and reproduced with permission.  


Prices shown below are the current www.wine-searcher.com values for the 1990 vintage.  Where no 1990 offered,  1989 substituted.

1990  Ch Angelus
1990  Domaine Auguste Clape Cornas
1990  Clos Pegase Cabernet Sauvignon
1990  Alain Graillot Crozes-Hermitage La Guiraude
1990  Hardys Shiraz Eileen Hardy
1990  Henschke [ Merlot / Cabernet Sauvignon ] Abbotts Prayer
  1991  Kanonkop Cabernet Sauvignon Paul Sauer
1990  Penfolds Cabernet Sauvignon Bin 407
1990  Penfolds Cabernet Sauvignon Bin 707
1990  Ch Petrus
1990  Ch Pichon-Longueville Baron
1990  Stonyridge [ Cabernet / Merlot ] Larose

1990  Ch Pichon-Longueville Baron   19 ½  ()
Pauillac,  Bordeaux,  France:  13%;  $475   [ cork 48mm;  CS 60,  Me 35,  CF 4,  PV 1,  average vine age 30 years,  planted 9,000 vines / ha;  typically cropped at  5.85 t/ha = 2.34 t/ac;  15 – 17 day cuvaison,  15 – 18 months in barrel,  70% new oak,  some MLF in barrel;  fined,  no filtration;  production up to 20,000 cases (then);  Robinson,  2014:  Classic cedary nose ... not as intensely fruity as it once was. A few lightly dusty tannins in the background. Very appetising though. Good fragrance. Opened up in the glass to become an absolutely classic left bank claret with just the right amount of fruit and an appetising but not painful dry cedary finish.  I can't see it getting any better though. Fruit is gentle, fading, 18;  Parker,  2009:  one of this estate’s two or three finest wines made in the last 40 years ... creme de cassis, blue and black fruits, and a hint of licorice as well as an impressively long finish ... another two decades or more,  97;  www.pichonbaron.com ]
Ruby and velvet,  some garnet,  a lively hue,  the third deepest wine.  Bouquet epitomises the magic of the claret winestyle,  showing a sensational volume of browning cassis,  cedar and brown pipe tobacco,  plus a floral suggestion nearly port-wine magnolia or violets,  all totally moulded into a heavenly whole,  simply soaring from the glass.  Cabernet / merlot doesn't get much better than this.  Palate follows perfectly,  rich yet light,  vibrant cassis,  singing,  refreshing,  not over-ripe,  the ratio of berry to tannins (both grape and oak) near-perfect.  At a peak,  but will hold for years.  The loveliest wine experience I have had for years.  Top equal wine for the group,  11 votes for favourite or second wine.  GK 10/15

1990  Ch Angelus   19  ()
Saint-Emilion Grand Cru (then),  Bordeaux,  France:  13.5%;  $850   [ cork 53mm;  Me 50,  CF 47,  CS 3,  average vine age 30,  but significant old vines,  planted 7 – 8,000 vines / ha,  cropped at 4.15 t/ha = 1.7 t/ac;  3 – 5 weeks cuvaison,  MLF and 18 – 24 months depending on vintage in (now) all-new oak;  no fining or filtration;  production 5800 cases (then);  re-building of this estate began with the 1988 vintage;  Robinson,  2005:  Deep ruby with a hint of brick at the rim. Very flamboyant, seductive, exotic nose. Sweet palate entry with decadent raw meat and dried fruit flavours. Lovely velvety texture. Gorgeous to drink now – seems as though at its peak but has probably been so for ages. Lots of velvety pleasure,  18.5;  Intriguing to note that each time Parker tastes this wine,  he extends the peak maturity.  Here is a recent evaluation:  2015:  A blend of 60% Merlot and 40% Cabernet Franc, this is clearly the greatest Angelus until the 2000, 2003 and then the perfect 2005. Beautiful, sweet plum, blackberry and blueberry fruit soar from the glass of this opaque, purple wine that still hasn’t lost much in color. Deep, opulent, voluptuously textured, full-bodied and multidimensional, this is a stunner and just now approaching its plateau of full maturity, where it should stay for at least another 20 years,  99;  Leve,  2012:  this sublime level of quality!,  98;  www.angelus.com ]
Ruby,  garnet and velvet,  a little browner than the Pichon,  above midway in depth.  Bouquet contrasts with the Pichon,  being nearly as fragrant,  but the vanillin of new oak much more prominent,  and the whole wine one notch more warm-climate / less floral / less refreshing.  But it certainly smells rich.  On palate you would never know that cabernet franc is the second grape after merlot,  rather than cabernet sauvignon,  it being amazingly aromatic for a Saint-Emilion.  The richness of berry nearly envelops the oak,  but even here there is the thought the wine would have been more fragrant and complex if not quite so ripe (or oaky).  One is reminded of California,  therefore.  Aftertaste lingers long,  both on rich fruit but rather a lot of oak also.  Yet ultimately,  the fruit wins.  At a peak,  but will also hold for years.  Top equal wine,  11 votes.  GK 10/15

1990  Domaine Auguste Clape Cornas   18 ½ +  ()
Northern Rhone Valley,  France:  12.8%;  $583   [ cork 44mm;  Sy 100,  vine age averaging 55 years,  cropped at c. 5.8 t/ha = 2.3 t/ac;  elevation 18 – 24 months in all-old oak (then),  one fining,  no filtration;  for many years Clape was the reference point for the district,  Robinson referring to him as 'the old master';  Robinson,  2009:  Bacon fat - smoky nose. Quite light but beautifully balanced. Ethereal. Wonderfully clean. Proves that Cornas can be worth waiting for, 18;  Parker,  1996:  Clape's 1990 Cornas is outstanding. The color is an opaque black/purple, and the nose offers up rich, ripe aromas of black fruits, licorice, and spices. Superconcentrated, with a full-bodied, highly extracted, mouth-filling taste, this example of Cornas possesses moderate tannin, adequate acidity, and a smashingly long finish. It is also relatively refined for a Cornas, displaying no signs of the rustic tannin or funky, earthy smells many Cornas can possess. Although it can be drunk now, I would recommend waiting at least 3-4 years. Enjoy it over the next 12-15 years,  91;  no website found ]
Ruby and some velvet,  below midway in depth but more vitally red / youthful than any of the Bordeaux.  Bouquet is simply sensational.  Here is all the florality so conspicuously lacking in the Petrus,  the wallflowers and pinks and sweet william,  just wonderful,  on cassisy berry browning only slightly.  Palate is a little lighter than I hoped for in such a year,  but the precision of berry,  the exact syrah varietal character at pinpoint optimal ripeness,  and not assassinated by new oak,  is wonderful.  A very beautiful wine.  Only an absolute pedant would ask if there is trace brett.  Cellar another 10 years or so,  but at a peak now,  since it is not a big wine.  One top,  one second-place,  votes.  GK 10/15

1990  Ch Petrus   18 ½  ()
Pomerol,  Bordeaux,  France:  13.5%;  $6,421   [ cork 54mm;  Me 95,  CF 5,  but finished wine often virtually no CF,  average vine age 35,  planted c.6,500 vines / ha,  cropped at  4.7 t/ha = 1.9 t/ac;  20 – 28 day cuvaison,  reports vary on the ratio of new oak,  100% now but perhaps not then;  c.20 months in barrel;  fined,  no filtration;  production up to 2,500 cases (then);  part of the Moueix group;  Robinson,  2004:  Very, very deep ruby, but it looks slightly more evolved than the 1989. Very heady, rich, opulent, almost burnt character. Big, round, and meaty. Broad, velvety, and sweet. Very Californian in its build, but long and rich and seductive. Sweet and long. Almost medicinal. Very, very long. Lots of pleasure. So ripe, but underneath there are lots of tannins, although I don't think this will be one of the longest-living vintages,  20 [ 18.5 in 2010 ];  Parker,  2009:  The 1990 Petrus remains incredibly young, one of the least evolved wines of the vintage (along with Montrose and Beausejour-Duffau). This dense ruby/purple-colored effort is beginning to hint at the massive richness and full-bodied intensity lurking beneath its wall of tannin. The vintage’s sweetness, low acidity, and velvety tannins are present in abundance, and the wine is massive in the mouth as well as incredibly pure and well-delineated. I thought it would be drinkable by now, but it appears another 5-10 years will pass before it begins to reach its plateau of maturity. This wine is capable of lasting at least four more decades. An incredible achievement!,  100;  www.moueix.com ]
Ruby,  garnet and velvet,  just above midway in depth,  markedly more garnet with a hint of amber edging,  relative to the Pichon,  reflecting the thinner-skinned merlot dominance.  Bouquet is immediately a much warmer even hotter-climate wine,  lacking florality and subtlety,  though maybe there is a hint of heliotrope –  but then you decide that is oak vanillin,  not grape / floral vanilla.  Like the Angelus,  it is certainly rich.  Palate is velvety rich,  a huge wine,  but also with huge furry tannins.  This is not the fine side of Bordeaux at all,  it is a hot year / hot climate winestyle.  Parker's rating of this wine 100 points illustrates his predilection for bigger burlier wines,  rather more than illuminating the style of a supposedly archetypal Bordeaux wine.  I have written at some length before about the enormous contribution Parker has made to moving wine writing from the subjective waffle phase of yesteryear,  to the (at best) more objective,  analytical and careful winewriting of today.  Therefore I can say,  that (if this bottle is representative,  and Wellington is a very equable climate for cellaring wine) a hundred-point rating for this wine is simply misleading,  as best exemplified by the current wine-searcher value (on today's writing) of $NZ6,390.  Tasting and re-tasting the wine,  and hoping for a late blooming with 24 hours (and more) in the glass,  does not change the nett impression,  sadly:  this is wonderfully big rich furry-tanniny wine,  but it is over-ripe and hence lacks florality and complexity.  It is not a 100-point wine,  as seen in this bottle.  Merlot can be so much more beautiful,  floral and multidimensional than this,  when not over-ripened.  Nonetheless it will give enormous pleasure to people accustomed to bigger and warmer-climate winestyles.  It will cellar for many years.  One top,  one second-place,  votes.  GK 10/15

1990  Penfolds Cabernet Sauvignon Bin 407   18  ()
Padthaway,  Coonawarra,  and McLaren Vale,  South Australia,  Australia:  13.2%;  $172   [ cork 45mm;  CS 100%,  matured in 30% new,  second and third-year French and American oak (all hogsheads) for 12 months;  this is the inaugural vintage of this now-famous label,  which though modelled as a 'junior' Bin 707,  is sometimes better balanced (less oaky);  Penfolds 'Rewards of Patience' book,  2000:  Blackcurrant and licorice-like aromas with touches of earth and mint. Beautifully concentrated, tangy palate with deep-set blackcurrant fruit, 'satin-and-velvet' mid-palate and good length. To 2005, a Preferred Vintage;  Halliday,  not on website,  irritatingly,  but referred to as:  fractionally richer and sweeter than the 1991,  which he rated 92;  Victoria Daskal,  2008 (on Robinson website):  Delicate nose with peppery and minty aromas coming forward. Earthiness and black currants persisting underneath. At first very elegant and soft, but a puckering acidity develops - resulting from Padthaway and Coonawarra's cool climates. Medium, soft and supple tannins. Rich in blackberries and black currants. Slightly chalky finish, 16.5;  Wine Spectator,  1993:  A rustic, coarse style, with generous Cabernet flavors overlaid with menthol and mint notes, finishing coarse in texture and short;  78;  www.penfolds.com ]
Dark ruby and velvet,  amazingly youthful,  and the second deepest wine.  The volume of bouquet here is remarkable,  a wonderful demonstration of the concept 'cassis' as the key descriptor for mature cabernet sauvignon.  The oak ratio on bouquet for this wine is appropriate,  and it is only slightly affected by mint notes.  Palate is classic unblended cabernet sauvignon,  lots of flavour,  but a tendency to a 'hole in the middle',  with the aromatic berry crying out for merlot to soften and fill out the middle.  Towards the later flavour,  a hint of the dreaded Australian euc'y taint creeps in,  but because the oak is appropriate,  it doesn't sabotage the wine.  Later still on the palate,  tartaric adjustment detracts a little.  This will cellar for another  15 – 20 years easily,  a surprisingly lovely Australian cabernet.  'Surprising' because at that stage and for some years,  Bin 407 was priced along with Bin 28 as the cheapest of the Bin wines.  Five votes,  none top.  GK 10/15

1990  Hardys Shiraz Eileen Hardy   17 ½  ()
Padthaway,  McLaren Vale and Clare Valley,  South Australia,  Australia:  13.5%;  $78   [ cork 45mm;  Sh 100%;  a label introduced in 1970 to honour the matriarch of the Hardy family,  and be the company's flagship wine,  but its quality has varied considerably over the years;  Halliday, 1994:  Potent, high-toned, intense essencey fruit and oak. The palate shows lots of chocolate and briary fruit, with as much oak as the bouquet promises. The problem lies with the quantity of fruit and oak tannins, which take over on the finish and unbalance the wine. Atypical for 1990,  *** ½;  Wine Spectator,  1994:  Attractive for its full, rich, minty currant flavors that stay with you from start to finish. Tasty now through 1998. 2,000 cases made,  86;  www.hardyswines.com ]
Garnet and ruby,  one of the lightest,  but a great mature-wine colour.  Bouquet is fragrant,  subtly minty,  ripe to very ripe,  but not dull.  There is lots of browning berry,  more boysenberries in this over-ripe syrah equals shiraz handling of the grape,  but it is appealing.  Palate is soft,  plenty of fruit,  smoother than the Bin 407 on both less new oak and less tartaric adjustment,  so in theory it should be marked higher.  But as a person looking for syrah qualities in shiraz,  it is just too over-ripe to mark higher.  There is a hint of sweet fragrant caramel,  and aniseed.  Even so,  this wine will give much pleasure,  and is totally at a peak right now.  Will hold for years.  One second-place vote.  GK 10/15

1990  Clos Pegase Cabernet Sauvignon   17 +  ()
Napa Valley,  California,  USA:  13%;  $ –    [ cork 49mm;  no info available;  this wine figured in Wine Spectator’s Top 100 Selection for 1993,  at rank 75,  release price $US17:  Wine Spectator,  1993:  Firm and intense with a solid core of cherry, currant, plum and spice flavors that gently unfold into a spicy, concentrated, impeccably balanced wine that finishes with pretty, cedary oak notes and fine tannins. Tempting now for its plush texture, but sure to pick up complexity. Drink now through 2002. 2,400 cases made,  91;  our label still the current one,  now a $US50 bottle;  www.clospegase.com ]
Ruby and velvet,  nearly as red as the Bin 407,  but just below midway in depth.  Bouquet is like Ch Petrus,  clearly tending a bit over-ripe,  lacking florality and delicacy,  but still showing lots of fruit.  Flavour does show a shadow of cassis,  and good dark plummy berry browning now,  much more subtle oaking than either Penfolds wine,  but like them a suggestion of acid adjustment to the tail.  This wine served as an excellent lead-in to the three bordeaux in the blind tasting.  Fully mature,  perhaps fading slightly,  but will hold.  Two top votes,  one second.  GK 10/15

1991  Kanonkop Cabernet Sauvignon Paul Sauer   17 +  ()
Stellenbosch,  South Africa:  13%;  $100   [ cork 49mm;  CS 80,  CF 10,  Me 10,  cropped c. 4 t/ha = 1.6 t/ac,  planted on decomposed granites @ c.100m altitude,  average vine age 32 at the time;  25 months in 50% new all-French oak;  this wine was then regarded as one of the top reds from South Africa,  winning the Pichon-Lalande Trophy as best red blend red in the 1994 International Wine & Spirit Competition,  London;  Platter,  1996:  Typical nuttiness with sweet, ripe berry finish, excellent;  Wine Spectator,  1995:  Unctuous red boasting currant and almost blueberry character, full body, velvety tannins and long, delicious finish. Drink now,  90;  www.kanonkop.co.za ]
Ruby and garnet,  a little older than the Clos Pegase,  below midway in depth.  This is an intriguing wine.  It is the closest in style to the Californian,  more subtle oak handling than the Australians,  but there is this distinctive aroma of red earth / roasted chestnuts that so many South African reds show.  Behind that is browning cassis very like the Clos Pegase,  and nearly cedary oak.  Palate has a similar hole in the middle to the Bin 407,  plus the trace of earthiness,  and some acid adjustment to the tail.  Intriguing.  Fully mature but will hold some years.  Two top votes.  GK 10/15

1990  Henschke [ Merlot / Cabernet Sauvignon ] Abbotts Prayer   17  ()
Lenswood,  Adelaide Hills,  South Australia,  Australia:  13%;  $166   [ cork 48mm;  Me 60,  CS 40,  cropped c. 6 t/ha = 2.4 t/ac;  planted at 550m,  oldest vines 8 years in 1990,  viticulture tending organic;  so cool by Australian standards,  picking is in early May;  18 months in all-new French oak;  no northern hemisphere reviews,  Halliday doesn't go back quite that far,  rates early 90s wines 92 – 94,  Bordeaux-like;  Henschke website also does not go so far back;  no reviews found;  www.henschke.com.au ]
Garnet and ruby,  the second lightest wine.  Bouquet shows browning cassis,  quite a lot of nearly cedary  oak,  and some mint.  Palate seems leaner and less berry-ripe than the Bin 407,  Clos Pegase,  or Kanonkop wines,  so the mint now shows more,  and the oak is more noticeable,  on the tending-hollow palate.  But the nett flavours and retained impression of juiciness (despite the lack of palate texture) are still appealing,  and there is good dry extract,  so it scores quite well.  Fully mature,  starting to fade.  No votes.  GK 10/15

1990  Stonyridge [ Cabernet / Merlot ] Larose   16 ½ +  ()
Waiheke Island,  Auckland District,  New Zealand:  13%;  $110   [ cork 45mm;  CS 75%,  Me 18,  CF 5,  Ma 2;  value given reflects current auction realisations in Auckland,  not cited in wine-searcher;  inferred detail,  from 1994:  hand-picked @ c. 2.5 t/ha = 1 t/ac;  12 months in oak probably 90% French,  10 US,  70% either new,  or shaved and re-toasted;  not filtered;  Cooper,  1993:  ... a weighty, tight-structured red with very concentrated, ripe, lingering flavours, *****;  S. Courtney,  2009:  Stinky herbal, it still took a long time to open up. Dry, drying, firm tannins, lovely red fruit connotations and raisins with liquorice and cedar notes, oak spice, old plum and cherry jam. Great vinous presence but quite mellow and now on its downhill slide, 17/20;  www.stonyridge.co.nz ]
Ruby and garnet,  a lovely mature wine colour,  just below midway in depth.  Bouquet is attractively clean and fragrant,  cool cassis and cedary oak,  seemingly closely related to the Lenswood wine,  but just an appealing hint of 'more Bordeaux-like'.  To a second sniff,  though,  you do wonder if the wine might be a bit too cool.  Palate confirms that doubt,  the berry just achieving cassis in ripeness,  some red currants,  still good fruit at its level of ripeness,  but all slightly acid and a little stalky,  relative to the Henschke.  The oaking relative to the weight of fruit is well done,  though.  Fully mature,  starting to fade now.  No votes.  GK 10/15

1990  Alain Graillot Crozes-Hermitage La Guiraude   16 ½  ()
Northern Rhone Valley,  France:  12.5%;  $166   [ cork 44mm;  Sy 100%;  elevation 12 months in older oak;  value given is for 1989 vintage;  La Guiraude is a barrel selection,  Parker quotes Graillot as saying it is:  'simply those barrels I enjoy the most';  in discussing the vintage in the Northern Rhone,  Parker reports:  1990 was a monumental year, the likes of which have probably not been seen since 1961;  Parker,  1995:  The 1990 La Guiraude is a compelling example of just what heights a top producer can reach in a less prestigious appellation. The nose of smoke, Asian spices, black fruits, and oak is enough to turn any wine enthusiast into a Rhone wine fanatic. On the palate, the wine exhibits a multidimensional personality, phenomenal ripeness and richness, decent acidity, and gobs of glycerin, alcohol, and extraction of flavor in a finish that must last for a minute. It is surprisingly approachable given its massive size, but the fruit and body have hidden some lofty tannin levels. Anticipated maturity: now-2006,  93;  no website found. ]
Ruby and garnet,  just the lightest wine.  Bouquet is intensely floral,  but unlike the Clape,  the florals –  dianthus and carnations – are here accentuated by a suggestion of stalk.  Below is fading cassis,  leading into a palate which is a bit lean,  some stalks,  white pepper,  and slightly acid,  a perfect illustration of tending under-ripe syrah.  This bottle is quite different from Parker's wine,  which may have been a best-barrel sample,  not the assembled and bottled wine.  Attractive in its way,  though,  to a cooler-climate person,  and there is good dry extract.  Fully mature,  fading now.  No votes.  GK 10/15

1990  Penfolds Cabernet Sauvignon Bin 707   16  ()
Coonawarra,  Barossa Valley,  McLaren Vale,  South Australia,  Australia:  13.5%;  $425   [ cork 49mm;  CS 100%,  a high proportion from Coonawarra reflecting the excellence of the vintage there that year,  matured 18 months in 100% new American hogsheads;  Penfolds 'Rewards of Patience' book,  2000:  Immensely seductive wine with classic proportions. Cedar/blackcurrant/ mulberry/plum aromas with touches of black olive. Rich and mouth-filling palate with ripe blackcurrant fruit, cedar-like oak, supple silky tannins and superb length. To 2005, a Preferred Vintage. [ Interesting to note, the Penfolds website now says: to 2030 ];   Halliday,  not on website,  irritatingly,  but 2002:  An infinitely seductive mix of sweet cassis, plum and mulberry fruit aromas, yet not the slightest hint of overripeness. The supple, silky palate has great balance and length, with all the flavours promised by the bouquet, yet not at all over-done. A sheer privilege and pleasure to taste (and better still, drink), *****;  Victoria Daskal,  2008 (on Robinson website):  Remarkably brilliant colour - a bit lighter than the other Penfolds 1990s previous wines. Nose is intense with persistent cool mint, black berries and very ripe raspberries. Like brushing your teeth with berries and mint - I feel refreshed and cool. Good fresh acidity, nice balance between alcohol and tannins. A bit of a spike in the mid palate - almost a bit peppery and then subsides into cool fruits,  17.5;  Lisa Perrotti-Brown, in Parker 2012:  Intensely scented with aromas of dried cherries and blackcurrant cordial over a pleasantly meaty/earthy undercurrent plus whiffs of menthol and dried lavender. Concentrated in the medium to full bodied mouth, it has a good amount of enlivening acid cutting through the dense, evolved fruit with a high level of approachable/softening tannins and long finish, 94;  www.penfolds.com ]
Ruby and velvet,  amazingly fresh,  the deepest wine.  Bouquet is simply ugly in wine terms,  the massive clumsy overstatement about oak that Penfolds do so well,  the oak aggressive and all pervasive,  with intense minty,  euc'y and cassisy berry desperately trying to get its head above the oaken parapets.  But it is all wondrously clean and high-tech,  though.  Palate is better than the bouquet,  the berry now can be seen in better focus,  and the intensity of cassis is benchmark for pure cabernet,  if you disregard the taints.  And the concentration of berry is so good,  there is little sign of a cabernet hole.  Then later on the palate,  the acid adjustment intrudes.  It's a pity that for so long,  Penfolds seemed so obsessed with wine technology,  overly influenced by the Roseworthy wine school,  no doubt,  that they forgot that fine wine is about perceived beauty,  rather more than technological rectitude.  This wine will live for another 25 years,  at least,  and perhaps mellow and move up in score.  Sadly again however,  the company economised on corks for many years,  the cork on this one being crumbly and poor,  so that factor also acts against the wine.  Given the remarkable quality of the fruit,  all a bit sad it has been so mismanaged.  One second-place vote.  GK 10/15

Ken Kirkpatrick third from left,  in a Wellington Wine Options team competing at Kingsley Woods' Wine'Options Competitions,  Auckland,  June 2004.  From left,  Geoff Kelly,  John Masters,  Ken Kirkpatrick,  Mike Parker.          Photo:  Sue Courtney,  with thanks.